Basic First Aid for Any Situation

first aid kit

Every second Sunday of September marks the World First Aid Day. Rightly so, it deserves a day of recognition because of the countless lives it has saved (and would be saved).

Listed below are some basic first aid knowledge one ought to know about. However, it would be more effective to enrol in first aid courses offered in Melbourne CBD to get these theories in action.

Basic first aid knowledge one should have

Breathing difficulties

Check if the person is breathing by placing him on the floor and tilting his head up. This is evident by the rising and falling of the chest. You can also put your ear near the mouth to hear any breathing. If the person is breathing, hold on to that position until help comes. Otherwise, administer proper CPR immediately.


The Heimlich Manoeuvre is the most effective way to remove throat obstruction. Stand behind the person, wrap your arms around him and, together, slightly bend forward. Then thrust both hands into the stomach in upward movements until the object stuck in the throat comes out from the mouth.


Putting pressure on the wound to slow down blood flow is the easiest way to stop bleeding. Once controlled, clean and wrap up the wound to prevent infection. If cuts are too deep, follow the same procedure and ask for professional medical help immediately.


Stroke can happen at any time to anyone. Dizziness, headache and numbness and partial drooping of the face all point out to stroke. If you spot any of these signs, immediately call an ambulance then let the patient take an aspirin (be aware of allergies).

The easiest and most important thing you can do in any emergency situation is to remain calm. And lest you forget: always call for professional medical help after administering first aid.