Gum disease is the most common cause of tooth loss. It can also be linked with several serious health conditions, including heart disease and diabetes. In Springville, dental clinics like Canyon Dental Clinic explain that gum disease can take several forms, and these include the following.
The mildest form of gum disease is gingivitis. It causes the gums to swell and bleed. It usually doesn’t cause pain or discomfort. It occurs due to insufficient oral hygiene and can be reversed by observing proper oral care.
If left untreated, gingivitis may worsen to periodontitis. Plaque grows and spreads beneath the gum line. You may feel irritation because of the toxins produced by plaque. The tissues and bones that hold the teeth in place are severely damaged. If left untreated, the condition worsens to envelop more gum tissue and bone. Over time, the only option left is to remove the tooth altogether.
The most common types of periodontitis are:
- Aggressive periodontitis, which causes rapid loss of tissue and bone;
- Chronic periodontitis, which causes inflammation in the tissues supporting the teeth as well as bone loss;
- Periodontitis due to an underlying disease, which is periodontitis caused by a more serious condition, such as heart disease or diabetes;
- Necrotizing periodontitis, which is seen in patients of systemic conditions, such as HIV, immunosuppression and malnutrition.
Preventing Gum Disease
Many dentists advise their patients to observe proper dental hygiene since it is the only way they could prevent gum disease:
- Brush your teeth regularly. Try to brush after every meal to prevent plaque buildup in teeth and gums.
- Floss at least once every day to get rid of plaque trapped in teeth.
- Use mouthwash to eliminate any leftover food particles.
- Understand the risk you face with your lifestyle choices. Habits like smoking can increase the risk of gum disease.
Gum disease is a serious condition that can worsen if left untreated. Observe oral hygiene and practise a healthy lifestyle to prevent the condition from occurring in the first place. Consult a periodontist if you experience pain or discomfort in your gums and teeth.